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316/316L Stainless Steel Sheet, Coil (AMS 5524 & AMS 5507) & Plate (UNS S31600 & UNS S31603)

316/316L Coil
316/316L Sheet
316/316L Plate
Available Thicknesses in Inches
3.50
3.00
2.75
2.50
2.25
2.00
1.75
1.50
1.375
1.250
1.125
1.00
.875
.750
.625
.500
.375
.3125
.250
.1875
.113 - .130
.098 - .113
.083 - .098
.070 - .083
.056 - .066
.045 - .052
.037 - .045
.033 - .037
.029 - .033
.022 - .026
.018 - .022
.012
.010
Available Thicknesses in Millimeters
88.900
76.200
69.850
63.500
57.150
50.800
44.450
38.100
34.925
31.750
28.575
25.400
22.225
19.050
15.875
12.700
9.525
7.938
6.350
4.763
2.870 - 3.302
2.489 - 2.870
2.108 - 2.489
1.778 - 2.108
1.422 - 1.676
1.143 - 1.321
0.940 - 1.143
0.838 - 0.940
0.737 - 0.838
0.559 - 0.660
0.457 - 0.559
0.305
0.254

316/316L stainless steel has a high resistance to many chemical corrodents and marine atmospheres. United Performance Metals offers both 316/316L stainless steel sheet and coil. 316/316L stainless steels are more resistant to general corrosion and pitting/crevices than conventional austenitic stainless steels.

316/316L stainless steels also offer higher creep, stress-to-rupture and tensile strength at elevated temperatures. 316/316L are also well suited for fabricated or formed applications.

Common Applications of 316/316L Stainless Steel

  • Oil & petroleum refining equipment
  • Food processing equipment
  • Pulp and paper processing equipment
  • Soap and photographic handling equipment
  • Textile Industry Equipment
  • Architectural
  • Pharmaceutical processing equipment

All of our 316/316L stainless steel sheet and stainless steel coil is ordered to specific decimal thicknesses.

We supply 316/316L stainless steel sheet in widths from 48" down to .250" and standard lengths of 96" and 120", but are capable of shearing or custom leveling to your required lengths and widths.

316/316L stainless steel coil can also be slit to your desired width.

United Performance Metals 316/316L stainless steel sheet & coil is supplied to AMS 5524 and AMS 5507.  

United Performance Metals supplies 316L stainless steel plate in a variety of thicknesses up to 3.5".  316/316L stainless steel plate is supplied to UNS S31600 & UNS S31603.

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Stainless Steels Chromium-Nickel-Molybdenum - Types 316 (S31600), 316L (S31603), 317 (S31700), 317L (S31703)

Types 316 (UNS S31600), 316L (S31603), 317 (S31700) and 317L (S31703) are molybdenum-bearing austenitic stainless steels which are more resistant to general corrosion and pitting/crevice corrosion than the conventional chromium-nickel austenitic stainless steels such as Type 304. These alloys also offer higher creep, stress-to-rupture and tensile strength at elevated temperature.

In addition to excellent corrosion resistance and strength properties, the Types 316, 316L, 317 and 317L Cr-Ni-Mo alloys also provide the excellent fabricability and formability which are typical of the austenitic stainless steels.

Applications for Types 316 and 316L alloys include acetic acid compounds, brandy vats, corn products refining equipment, fasteners, kettles for cooking ketchup, pharmaceutical processing equipment, phosphate industry parts, photographic film processing equipment, pitting-corrosion resistance, pulp and paper processing equipment, smokestacks, textile finishing equipment, textile mill kiers, water softener tanks, wire cloth and screens (industrial) and yeast tubes. Applications for Type 317 alloy includes dyeing equipment, flue gas desulfurization units, ink manufacturing equipment, pitting-corrosion resistance, pulp and paper processing equipment.

Types 316, 316L, 317 and 317L are available in sheet, strip and plate to ASTM A240 and ASME SA-240 and other pertinent specifications.

Stainless Steels Chromium-Nickel-Molybdenum - Types 316 (S31600), 316L (S31603), 317 (S31700), 317L (S31703)

Represented by ASTM A240 and ASME SA-240

Element Percent by Weight
Maximum Unless Range is Specified
316 316L 317 317L
Carbon 0.08 0.030 0.08 0.030
Manganese 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00
Silicon 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75
Chromium 16.00
18.00
16.00
18.00
18.00
20.00
18.00
20.00
Nickel 10.00
14.00
10.00
14.00
11.00
15.00
11.00
15.00
Molybdenum 2.00
3.00
2.00
3.00
3.00
4.00
3.00
4.00
Phosphorus 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045
Sulfur 0.030 0.030 0.030 0.030
Nitrogen 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10
Iron Bal. Bal. Bal. Bal.

Resistance to Corrosion

Types 316, 316L, 317 and 317L are more resistant to atmospheric and other mild types of corrosion than Types 302, 304 and 304L. In general, media that do not corrode Types 302, 304 and 304L, will not attack these molybdenumcontaining grades. One known exception is highly oxidizing acids such as nitric acid to which the molybdenum-bearing stainless steels are less resistant.

Stainless Steels Chromium-Nickel-Molybdenum - Types 316 (S31600), 316L (S31603), 317 (S31700), 317L (S31703)

  • Melting Range: 2540-2630°F (1390-1440°C)
  • Density: 0.29 lb/in³ (8.027 g/cm³)
  • Modulus of Elasticity in Tension: 29 x 106 psi (200 GPa)
  • Modulus of Shear: 11.9 x 106 psi (82 Gpa)
Linear Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
Temperature Range Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
°C °F cm/cm/°C in/in/°F
20 - 100 68-212 16.5 · 10-6 9.2 · 10-6
20 - 500 68-932 18.2 · 10-6 10.1 · 10-6
20 - 1000 68-1832 19.5 · 10-6 10.8 · 10-6

 

Thermal Conductivity

Temperature Range W/m · K Btu/(hr/ft²/in/°F)
°C °F
20-100 68-212 14.6 100.8

The overall heat transfer coefficient of metals is determined by factors in addition to thermal conductivity of the metal. The ability of Types 302, 304 and 304L to maintain clean surfaces often allows better heat transfer than other metals having higher thermal conductivity.

Specific Heat
°C °F J/kg °K Btu/lb/°F
20 68 450 0.108
93 200 450 0.116

Magnetic Permeability

  • H/m Annealed
  • 1.02 Max @ 200 H
Electrical Resistivity
Type Value at 68°F (20°C)
Microhm-cm MIcrohm-in.
316 29.1 74.0

Stainless Steels Chromium-Nickel-Molybdenum - Types 316 (S31600), 316L (S31603), 317 (S31700), 317L (S31703)

Room Temperature Tensile Properties

Minimum mechanical properties for annealed Types 316, 316L, 317 and 317L austenitic stainless steel plate, sheet and strip as required by ASTM specifications A240 and ASME specification SA-240, are shown below.

Minimum Mechanical Properties Required By ASTM A 240 AND ASME SA-240
Property Type 316 (S31600) Type 316L (S31603) Type 317 (S31700) Type 317L (S31703)
Yield Strength 0.2% Offset
psi
MPa
30,000
205
25,000
170
30,000
205
30,000
205
Ultimate Tensile Strength
psi
MPa
75,000
515
70,000
485
75,000
515
75,000
515
Percent Elongation in 2 in. or 51mm 40.0 40.0 35.0 40.0
Hardness, Max.
Brinell
RB
217
95
217
95
217
95
217
95