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316 / 316L Stainless Steel Sheet, Coil & Plate - AMS 5524, AMS 5507, UNS S31600, UNS S31603

316/316L Coil
316/316L Sheet
316/316L Plate
Available Thicknesses in Inches
2.5
2.25
2.0
1.75
1.5
1.25
1.125
1.0
.75
.625
.50
.375
.3125
.250
.1875
.113 - .130
.098 - .113
.083 - .098
.070 - .083
.056 - .066
.045 - .052
.037 - .045
.033 - .037
.029 - .033
.022 - .026
.018 - .022
.011-.013
.009-.011
Available Thicknesses in Millimeters
63.500
57.150
50.800
44.450
38.100
31.750
28.575
25.400
19.050
15.875
12.700
9.525
7.938
6.350
4.763
2.870 - 3.302
2.489 - 2.870
2.108 - 2.489
1.778 - 2.108
1.422 - 1.676
1.143 - 1.321
0.940 - 1.143
0.838 - 0.940
0.737 - 0.838
0.559 - 0.660
0.457 - 0.559
0.279 - 0.330
0.229 - 0.279
  • 316/316L Stainless Steel
    316/316L Stainless Steel

316/316L are molybdenum-bearing, asutenitic stainless steels that have a high resistance to many chemical corrodents and marine atmospheres. These materials are more resistant to general corrosion and pitting/crevices than conventional austenitic stainless steels.  They also offer higher creep, stress-to-rupture and tensile strength at elevated temperatures and are well suited for fabricated or formed applications.

Common Applications of 316/316L Stainless Steel

  • Oil & petroleum refining equipment
  • Food processing equipment
  • Pulp and paper processing equipment
  • Soap and photographic handling equipment
  • Textile Industry Equipment
  • Architectural
  • Pharmaceutical processing equipment

We supply 316/316L stainless steel sheet in widths from 48" down to .250" and standard lengths of 96" and 120", but are capable of shearing or custom leveling to your required lengths and widths.  316/316L coil can also be slit to your desired width.

Specifications and Related Metals

  • AMS 5524
  • AMS 5507
  • UNS S31600
  • UNS S31603 
  • ASTM A 167
  • ASTM A 240
  • ASTM A 666
  • ATI 316L (™ Allegheny Technologies)
  • ATI 316 (™ Allegheny Technologies)

All of our 316/316L sheet, coil and plate are ordered to specific decimal thicknesses.  The technical data provided is for information only and not for design purposes. It is not warranted or guaranteed.

For a deeper understanding of the difference between 304 and 316, request our white paper on the topic.

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316 / 316L General Properties

Types 316/316L are molybdenum-bearing austenitic stainless steels which are more resistant to general corrosion and pitting/crevice corrosion than the conventional chromium-nickel austenitic stainless steels such as Type 304. These alloys also offer higher creep, stress-to-rupture and tensile strength at elevated temperature.

In addition to excellent corrosion resistance and strength properties, these materials also provide the excellent fabricability and formability which are typical of the austenitic stainless steels.

Applications for Types 316 and 316L alloys include acetic acid compounds, brandy vats, corn products refining equipment, fasteners, kettles for cooking ketchup, pharmaceutical processing equipment, phosphate industry parts, photographic film processing equipment, pitting-corrosion resistance, pulp and paper processing equipment, smokestacks, textile finishing equipment, textile mill kiers, water softener tanks, wire cloth and screens (industrial) and yeast tubes. 

 

316 / 316L Chemical Composition

Element Percent by Weight
Maximum Unless Range is Specified
316 316L 317 317L
Carbon 0.08 0.030 0.08 0.030
Manganese 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00
Silicon 0.75 0.75 0.75 0.75
Chromium 16.00
18.00
16.00
18.00
18.00
20.00
18.00
20.00
Nickel 10.00
14.00
10.00
14.00
11.00
15.00
11.00
15.00
Molybdenum 2.00
3.00
2.00
3.00
3.00
4.00
3.00
4.00
Phosphorus 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045
Sulfur 0.030 0.030 0.030 0.030
Nitrogen 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10
Iron Bal. Bal. Bal. Bal.

Resistance to Corrosion

Types 316 and 316L are more resistant to atmospheric and other mild types of corrosion than other grades of stainless steel. One known exception is highly oxidizing acids such as nitric acid to which the molybdenum-bearing stainless steels are less resistant.

316 / 316L Physical Properties 

  • Melting Range: 2540-2630°F (1390-1440°C)
  • Density: 0.29 lb/in³ (8.027 g/cm³)
  • Modulus of Elasticity in Tension: 29 x 106 psi (200 GPa)
  • Modulus of Shear: 11.9 x 106 psi (82 Gpa)

Linear Coefficient of Thermal Expansion

Temperature Range Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
°C °F cm/cm/°C in/in/°F
20 - 100 68-212 16.5 · 10-6 9.2 · 10-6
20 - 500 68-932 18.2 · 10-6 10.1 · 10-6
20 - 1000 68-1832 19.5 · 10-6 10.8 · 10-6

 

Thermal Conductivity

Temperature Range W/m · K Btu/(hr/ft²/in/°F)
°C °F
20-100 68-212 14.6 100.8

The overall heat transfer coefficient of metals is determined by factors in addition to thermal conductivity of the metal. The ability of Types 302, 304 and 304L to maintain clean surfaces often allows better heat transfer than other metals having higher thermal conductivity.

Specific Heat

°C °F J/kg °K Btu/lb/°F
20 68 450 0.108
93 200 450 0.116

Magnetic Permeability

  • H/m Annealed
  • 1.02 Max @ 200 H

Electrical Resistivity

Type Value at 68°F (20°C)
Microhm-cm MIcrohm-in.
316 29.1 74.0

Mechanical Properties and Yield Strength of 316 / 316L 

Property Type 316 (S31600) Type 316L (S31603) Type 317 (S31700) Type 317L (S31703)
Yield Strength 0.2% Offset
psi
MPa
30,000
205
25,000
170
30,000
205
30,000
205
Ultimate Tensile Strength
psi
MPa
75,000
515
70,000
485
75,000
515
75,000
515
Percent Elongation in 2 in. or 51mm 40.0 40.0 35.0 40.0
Hardness, Max.
Brinell
RB
217
95
217
95
217
95
217
95